What is the Coronavirus and how it spreads?


Whereas Ebola, cancer and other diseases that are classified as “fatal”, there is a new virus that threatens our Planet.

Its name is Coronavirus. Imperial College London has conducted a study which suggests that this virus has likely infected an estimated 1,723 people by January 12. What is Coronavirus and how it spreads?

In December, China reported an outbreak of a pneumonia-like illness. Apparently, it was caused by a novel coronavirus, a kind of virus that is transmitted by animals. In rare cases, it can affect humans too.

They tried to stop this. However, with little progress and a number of deaths.

In detail, Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome. Also, they have a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genomic size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, the largest RNA virus.

Scientists first discovered the coronaviruses in the ’60s. As a matter of fact, they were found in the nasal cavities of patients with the common cold.

Furthermore, these viruses were subsequently named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43. Two other members of this family have emerged (HCoV NL63 in 2004 and HKU1 in 2005) and they are linked to more serious respiratory tract infections. (source: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)

Friday, 17.01.2020, World Health Organization declared:

“Much remains to be understood about the new coronavirus, which was first identified in China earlier this month. Not enough is known about 2019-nCoV to draw definitive conclusions about how it is transmitted, clinical features of the disease, or the extent to which it has spread. The source also remains unknown.”

By 2019, the virus has spread to China and caused over 1.000 casualties.

Three airports in the USA will start screening the passengers arriving from China. This was caused by the death of two people and the infection of 40 others. For that matter, the authorities did not take such measures even when Ebola has spread worldwide.

Moreover, arriving passengers will answer questions about any respiratory symptoms and will have their temperature taken, he said. Those whose symptoms don’t match up with the new coronavirus are free to leave.


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