The Avant-garde and How it Completely Changed the Art World


What is the Avant-garde?

The term “Avant-garde” is the French for “advanced guard”. It refers to the cultural phenomenon that originated in France, in the early 19th century. The Avant-garde supports innovative art that obliges artists to get out of their comfort zone. It also does not take previous artistic conventions into account.

What are the main principles the Avant-garde is based on?

The Avant-garde addressed mainly the youngsters and asked them to be part of an art revolution. They no longer wanted to take the past generation’s contribution to art into account. Instead, they encouraged young artists to create their own paths and produce original artworks. What mattered in avant-gardist art was the instruments, not the represented object itself.

Art in that era valued very basic imagery, which may appear trivial. However, the method of represenation was in fact what intrigued the public. Marcel Duchamp was one of the first artists to create such imagery out of commonplace objects. He was the one to create the concept of “readymade”, which encouraged artists to put forward ordinary manufactured objects.

A perfect example of this type of art is Duchamp’s “Fountain”. It consists of a standard urinal. It was a controversial, but revolutionary act of proving that the beauty of art can be found even in the most trivial elements of our life. If you want to read more about this artwork, click here.

How has the Avant-garde completely changed the art vision?

The Avant-garde challenged the previous principles of art. It allowed artists to think outside the box. Therefore, it resulted in many original artworks that came as a shock to the public. Avant-garde art was very controversial at its time and people either loved it or hated it.

However, it was revolutionary in the sense that it proved the fact that art can be created out of anything and that there are no limits to it. As a result of the Avant-garde freedom of expression and limitless vision, many similar artistic movements were created.

Even nowadays, some artists are still influenced by that period. They consider art as a way of stepping out of your comfort zone and challenging the public’s imagination.


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