To start things off, Kant was influenced by the Enlightenment when concepts more than anything started being seen with a really cold rational eye. He believed that rationality could bring humanity really far, but that there are definite limits when it comes to knowledge. morality
A lot of the things Kant wrote are now a bit.. left behind as there were some philosophers after him with much better ideas. But one thing that Kant wrote is still relevant today and that is his ethics.
In a nutshell, what he says is that if you want to know if something is moral or not, you should want it to become a universal law- so, even shorter, something is moral only if you would want everyone else to do it.
Say, you want to steal something, you should want everyone to steal and if you do want that, it is moral- but, hopefully, you don’t want everyone to do that, therefore, it is not moral. Your actions should, therefore, be judged upon the benefits they bring to anyone who is involved.
This being included, Kant believed that this categorical imperative – this is how he called this way of thinking about morality- could not be wrong as the ethics of actions are based on rationality.
If you are interested in this topic, you can read other articles from our magazine: https://www.pov21.com/ancient-greek-myths-and-philosophy-are-more-enjoyable-than-you-think/