Labrador Retriever dogs are friendly, affectionate, energetic animals. They are the perfect pets for families with children and for the people who can allocate time to them. These animals feel great outdoors and need a lot of movement. Labrador Retriever dogs are suitable companions for children, actively contribute to their emotional and physical development.
The origin of the Labrador dogs
Labrador ancestors come from the east coast of Canada, as do Terra Nova and Landseer. According to tradition, Labrador comes from a so-called St. John, a black water dog with thick fur. These dogs helped hunt or bring in dead fish and fishing nets from the water.
The first attempts at breeding took place in England and Scotland in the second half of the 19th century, after some British fishermen brought these curious dogs home.
The English name of the Labrador Retriever breed refers on the one hand to the Canadian Labrador Peninsula of the same name and on the other hand to the distinctive dog feeding system (to retrieve = in English to bring, to bring back, to save).
The Labrador breed became known among the noble hunting lovers due to the breeding efforts of the English, among others and Earl Malmesbury II (1778-1841). He relied constantly on the hunting ability of these animals.
On July 7, 1903, Labrador was finally recognized as an independent breed by the Dog Association of England. The numerous successes at the exhibitions soon made this active and peaceful dog known outside the country.
However, the colors gold and chocolate were considered to be multiplication mistakes for a long time. These were accepted and desired in addition to the usual black color only later.
What do Labrador dogs look like?
One of the most beautiful dogs in the world, the Labrador has a moderate constitution, a bony and well-developed structure, square head and slightly longer than wide. He has strong legs, and this helps him to swim and run fast, long, thin and wide ears that hang along his head, and his eyes are very expressive. Its fur is short, but thick and dense, with a soft inner fur. Due to the fact that the inner fur is water resistant, the dog is also protected in icy waters. It is an intelligent, loving and devoted race.
Labrador – dog used for therapy
It is a loving and always cheerful dog, and the Labrador breed has always been trained for therapy. The quadrupeds are already recognized for their abilities among people with disabilities. They are trained to relieve the pain of people with problems, the elderly in the centers or children suffering from various emotional disorders.
The Labrador is a healthy dog, healthy and not very prone to illness or colds. A worrying feature is the ease with which it can gain weight, proper diet and exercise are 2 essential elements in the health of a Labrador Retriever.
Labrador Retriever is prone to obesity; Therefore, regular exercise and balanced nutrition are critical. This will minimize joint problems, such as elbow or hip dysplasia.
A note on joint problems – Labrador puppies must have parents who have performed positive and hip health and dysplasia tests.
Labrador dogs may suffer from eye problems such as retinal dysplasia, cataracts or progressive retinal atrophy. Such problems being the most common; They present as congenital diseases, such as retinal dysplasia, which refers to retinal degeneration.
Labrador dog training
Training Labrador Retriever dogs is a real pleasure. Driven by an enormous desire to please, Labrador Retriever dogs will do anything to get a sign of affection from you or a special treatment. Some breeders say that it is their desire and eagerness to please that makes training quite difficult. But in order not to encounter this problem, it is necessary to start training since they are puppies and especially, to be able to keep the training courses interesting and funny.
Labradors love to play, which is why if they consider training courses to be a game, then they will certainly participate with great interest. Training must start early, because Labrador Retrievers grow fast and large, which means it will be difficult to master them later. You also need to keep in mind that they will be behaving like puppies for many years, which is why you need to be patient with them. No matter how obedient they are, they can’t help but jump all the time.
The main commands that need to be learned must be “down” and “sit”. Once the basic commands have been learned, Labrador Retriever dogs can be moved to the advanced training group or for agility. They are not as good as Golden Retrievers, but they like to exercise and they like to spend time with the people they love.