The methods you can use to prepare a discourse are essential if you want to give a powerful speech. When you don’t prepare your speech, you might find yourself in an unpleasant situation when both you and your public are in difficulty understanding the point of the discourse. A long list of ideas with no connection between each other and no conclusion make a speech confusing. Your ideas must be ordered, and your speech should look like a journey: it starts from a point, goes straight ahead, and reaches its endpoint.
The structure of a discourse
In order to prepare a discourse that has a well-built structure, you need to gather data, interesting facts, powerful examples, and effective principles. For your speech to be comparable to a journey, it must have a beginning and an end, and your ideas should flow easily and directly from one point to the other. Each idea has to be clearly stated, followed by concrete examples and personal views on the topic, which enhance the originality of the speech. Finally, an enthusiastic voice is essential when presenting your discourse to catch the attention and make the public interested in your words.
A discourse model
In the beginning, the speech should catch people’s attention, usually by discussing some issue that people are interested in. Then it should present the topic and the facts, the speaker should come up with a solution, and he should make the public motivated to help him put into practice the solution.
Revising a discourse
The way you structure a discourse could be: you should check every piece of information in your discourse, come up with the pros and cons of the problem and conclude with your point of view or your original solution. After establishing the structure, you can dictate your discourse a few times and revise it at the same time. While dictating it, you will get familiar with the text, become more confident and coherent while presenting it, and reshape the parts that need to be revised. Another efficient method to become better at structuring your speech is to record yourself while dictating it. You can then listen to yourself and improve your presentation skills or your text.
After you prepare a discourse
If you feel nervous when you present discourse, and you fear you might forget what you have to say, taking some notes to remember the main ideas is a great option. You can take a look at your notes when necessary during the presentation and keep the speech straight to the point.
You should never read the text or learn it by heart since it takes a lot more time to prepare before your discourse, and you will stress more about remembering the order of the ideas than sharing the message of the speech. In this case, the effect of the discourse will be reduced and the public won’t get the message. What you should focus on is the order of your ideas and the most important points. When you have the facts and the ideas, words will come to your mind quickly.
Practice a lot
The most important thing you can do when you prepare a discourse is practice. Repeat your discourse at least six times, adjust your voice and gestures, imagine that you are in front of people, or practice right in front of your family or friends. The key to become a great public speaker and improve your presentation skills is practice.
Consequently, the structure and the repetition of discourse are important steps to follow when you prepare a discourse. You can improve your text, tone, coherence and there will be more chances that the public will get to the meaning of your logically structured and well-presented speech.