The consumption of alcohol, drugs, and other behavioral dependencies, social, health and conduct problems, as well as the concern for such phenomena, represent a permanent problem in the history of mankind. How do we free ourselves from addictions?
Moreover, there is archeological and anthropological evidence that people have consumed various substances that have physiological and psychological effects for thousands of years. Addictions are a simple but erroneous way of activating the neuropsychological mechanisms of pleasure and pain.
Practically they satisfy a positive purpose, in a negative, unhealthy way.
In today’s world, the variety of addictive behaviors is wider. It is also and more problematic than at any other moment in mankind. To understand what addictive behavior is, such as the one linked to alcohol, drugs, gambling, food, sex, etc., it is useful to know that addictions are “total socio-human phenomena” that affect the human being under all its structures and functions.
„Dependency or addiction, as it is more commonly known, is a psychological and physical inability to stop the use of chemicals, drugs or other activities. Even if it causes mental and physical harm.”
Thus, addictions are complex problems, often of a chronic nature, which affect both the functioning of the brain and the body.
“They also cause serious family and social harm to the dependent person.” Eugen Popa, hypnotherapist and the President of the Romanian Hypnosis Association explains that “severe loss of control, continued use, despite serious consequences, concern for use, lack of focus and attention, failed attempts to give up, tolerance and withdrawal are the most common symptoms of addiction.
What are the types of addictions currently known?
The specialist states that there are substance and behavioral dependencies. Thus alcohol, nicotine, illegal drugs, sugar, and prescription drugs are the main substances that cause addiction. On the other hand, at the behavioral level, a series of addictions are distinguished, such as addictions in the context of eating behavior (anorexia, bulimia), various addictions to gambling, affective-sexual dependencies (sex or love), work addiction (“workaholism”).
Also, there are dependencies of power and control over others, manifested also through violence and aggression. But also through addictions to virtual reality, computer, and Internet (social networks, online games, even pornography). And let us not forget about addictions to religion and mysticism, to spiritual practices and rituals, addictions to sports, etc.
How can we treat addictions?
According to hypnotherapist Eugen Popa, the first step toward recovery is to recognize that dependency has become a problem. A problem in the life of the said person, which disrupts their quality of life. Once the individual recognizes the negative impact of dependence on their life, they can begin to look for the most effective treatment that fits the individual.
“This first step is the acceptance and recognition by the dependent person of the fact that the addictive substance or behavior has come to take control of their life, which their life revolves around that addiction.”
The individual seldom finds it very difficult to admit the problem, not only toward others but especially toward himself.
“It is, however, an essential first step. That is because, in the absence of awareness and firm determination of the person to heal, the chances of recovery are null. Almost no individual who begins treatment or therapy and is subjected to family stress, close friends or forced into a social system will not complete the process or they will resume to their vice when the storm passes”, explains Eugen Popa, the President of the Romanian Hypnosis Association.
Moreover, the specialist states that the treatment options for addiction depend on several factors. They include the type of addiction disorder, the length, the severity of the use, and its effects on the individual.
Methods of treating addiction.
„Probably rehabilitation is the best-known form of treatment for people dependent on substances with strong risks and effects. Rehabilitation involves cleaning the addictive substance from the body and limiting withdrawal reactions. People are getting 80% percent of the treatments in treatment clinics. The respective clinic will use prescription drugs to reduce withdrawal symptoms.
People addicted to multiple substances will need different medications. Medications which will reduce withdrawal symptoms for each substance in particular. The individual will overcome the addiction and learn to live without the addictive behavior. This will happen with the help of detoxification, which will be accompanied in most cases by other forms of therapy. But also to help him reintegrate into their family and society”, sais the hypnotherapist Eugen Popa.
„Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the classical, conversational therapy, which aims to understand and then modify the behaviors and experiences that led to the installation of addiction, negative thinking, the attitude and behavior that blocks recovery.
Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is a generally long-term process. It varies depending on the nature of the addiction, but also on the individual’s motivation to heal. Possible discouragement represents the risks of any long-term therapy. But also by the addict’s increased effort to steer clear of the substance or destructive behavior”, further explains the specialist.
„One method of therapy that has become increasingly popular is group therapy. Even though its results have often been called into question. In group therapy, you meet people who have lived and experienced the same things as you.
The participants talk about their addiction, they help each other in their daily lives and they can spend their free time together. There are no constraints – the members voluntarily meet, each with the same strong motivation to change their lives”, declares Eugen Popa.
IEMT (Integral Eye Movement Therapy).
„Andrew T. Austin is the creator of the IEMT technique. The idea that any experience we have is “mentally encode” represents the whole aspect of the therapy
The therapy is used for eye movement, which allows access to the information. Along with simple eye movements, IEMT also uses interrogation techniques to change harmful thinking patterns and beliefs. This way, it’s producing fantastic results for any type of addiction.”, concludes the hypnotherapist Eugen Popa, the President of the Romanian Hypnosis Association.
Author: Dr. Tanase Tasente
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