Fishing for sport is a popular hobby enjoyed by many anglers where you simply fish for the enjoyment of the catch. As such, you don’t eat your catch. For many anglers freshwater sport fishing is a great way to spend time relaxing whilst waiting for a fish to take the bait. It is not uncommon for anglers to spend several hours fishing. They will even have overnight trips choosing to stay by the water, giving them more time to fish in the hope of catching more fish.
Even though fishing might seem simple to many people there is a wide variety of equipment, tactics, and skill to be a successful angler. The main types of freshwater sport fishing are:
Float fishing is usually where most anglers will begin their journey with freshwater sport fishing. It is one of the easier methods and the equipment required is cheap and widely available. When float fishing, you attach a float to the line. You can target different depths with bait through adjustment. On both sides of the float and down the line you use small weights commonly referred to as “shot” to weigh the line and bait down. When the fish takes the bait, the float will move indicating the bite. The angler can strike and set the hook in an attempt to reel the fish in.
Lure fishing is designed to target predatory fish such as pike and perch that naturally feed on smaller fish. Instead of using traditional bait, an imitation fish is used to trick predatory fish into believing the lure is their natural prey. Most lures are designed to appear as if swimming or twitching in the water. It makes them appear more natural. The predatory fish are drawn to movement and are more likely to target the lure if it is moving.
To get a bite it is best to cast out the lure and reel it back in continuously. You can feel when a fish bites the lure as you will feel a ‘hit’ on the line. Lures can range from being extremely cheap to extremely expensive, with some ranging up to thousands of dollars. It’s not for amateurs interested in freshwater sport fishing.
Ledger fishing requires the use of a large weight that is usually attached towards the end of the line and a length of line ending in the hook and bait attached to the weight. Having a heavy weight at the end of the line means that the bait is generally kept low to the floor, where a lot of species will often feed. With most ledger rigs, fish usually set the hook themselves because the heavy weight will put up resistance, so you do not have to strike to hook the fish. Usually anglers will use bite alarms so they don’t have to pay attention to the tip of the rod for bites.
Free lining requires a very simple setup as you only attach a hook and bait to the end of the line. You can set it up quickly. The most common way to freeline is to fish on the surface by using bait such bread and marshmallows that float. Surface fishing is one of the most exciting ways to fish because you can watch the fish break the surface like a scene out of “Jaws”. You don’t have to detect a bite through indirect means like a float or bite alarm. Surface fishing usually works best when on a warm sunny day. The fish tend to be higher in the water, basking.
Fly fishing is a fishing technique usually employed for catching Trout and Salmon. However, you can catch other species such as Bass or Grayling. When fly fishing you use flies which are designed to imitate insects. They are usually made from feathers or thread. The reels and line used for fly fishing are very different from other types of fishing. The equipment must be able to make the fly hit the surface over and over by using a whipping technique. Fly fishing is a very active form of fishing. It relies on the angler constantly moving the fly back and forth, trying to attract the attention of the fish.
Most fishing poles can range from a few meters up to around 20 meters in length. Depending on how and where you want to use the pole, the length is very important, as you do not cast your line when pole fishing. Fishing on a pole is a very precise way to fish because it allows you to drop your bait exactly where you want to. The bait is directly below the end of the pole. A fishing pole has elastic at the tip that the line is attached to so there is resistance when the fish bites.