Exfoliation is the process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin. The skin is physiologically renewed once a month. However, on certain parts of the skin, the dead cells are more adherent, which will lead to a dull, appearance. Exfoliation is one of the best ways to even out the texture and shade of the skin and can be done at home.
Types of exfoliation
As the name suggests, it involves the mechanical removal of dead cells using objects such as a sponge, brush, or towel. You can also use gels/creams that contain abrasive particles that, once applied and massaged on damp skin, will promote the removal of dead cells.
It is made with the help of AHA (alpha-hydroxy acids) and BHA (beta-hydroxy acids) which destroy the bonds between dead cells, allowing their easy removal. Non-prescription products will be used. It is not recommended to use products intended for medical procedures that are strictly applied by a specialist.
If you choose to exfoliate your skin at home you need to do so safely. Excessive exfoliation or the use of products not recommended for your skin type may have undesirable results or may aggravate pre-existing dermatological conditions.
The benefits of skin exfoliation
- the size of the pores decreases: the pores are the small holes in the skin where the hairs grow and where impurities and dead epithelial cells can accumulate. The more dirt accumulates there, the larger the pores so that the skin acquires an unsightly appearance. By exfoliating, it removes dead skin, impurities and as a result, shrinks pores.
- get rid of acne and scars: acne occurs either as a result of hormonal imbalances or as a result of external factors (accumulation of sebum and dust). After exfoliation, impurities are removed and pimples are prevented.
- hide wrinkles: exfoliation does not lead to the disappearance of wrinkles, but of the epidermal residues that highlight them. After exfoliation, the foundation will give a uniform appearance to the skin and wrinkles will be faded.
- your skin will absorb hydration products more easily: if you have a layer of dead cells on the surface of the skin, moisturizers will be difficult to absorb. If you exfoliate these dead cells, the skin will regenerate and moisturizers will penetrate more easily into the lower layers of the skin.
Exfoliation versus flaking
The two processes are sometimes confused with each other, so it is important to know what the differences are. In short, peeling of the skin is caused by the body, and exfoliation is a mechanical process of cleansing dead skin cells, which are sometimes the result of the peeling process.
Exfoliation can be described as the detachment of portions from the upper layer of the epidermis, in the form of scales (shells) of various sizes. It occurs when the skin has been irritated, damaged, or very dry, but also due to diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis.
To get rid of flaking, the cause must first be treated, for example, lack of hydration, if the skin is dry, or removal of the fungus, if it is seborrheic dermatitis. Later, the scales can be removed by several exfoliation methods.
3 scrubs made from natural ingredients
1.Scrub based on pumpkin, cinnamon, and sugar
Cut a larger slice of pumpkin into cubes and then use the blender to turn it into a puree. Mix it with a few tablespoons of sugar and a drop of cinnamon. Pumpkin moisturizes the skin, sugar exfoliates dead cells, while cinnamon has a pleasant aroma and antibacterial properties that will remedy skin irritations if you have such problems.
2. Chocolate flavored scrub
To prepare a scrub with a delicious chocolate flavor, mix 1 cup brown sugar with ½ cup of solid coconut oil, 1/3 cup almond oil, 2 tablespoons cocoa powder, and a few drops of coconut essential oil. Mix the ingredients and the scrub obtained well in a jar that you will keep in the fridge. Use the scrub twice a week for visible results.
3.Citrus flavored scrub
Prepare a citrus-flavored scrub using: ½ cup of sea salt, ½ cup of jojoba oil/almond oil/olive oil, 1 teaspoon of grated orange peel.
Mix the salt well with the oil and at the end complete everything with orange peel. Put the scrub in a tightly closed container and use it whenever you need it. Massage your whole body with this scrub, then rinse with warm water and pat dry with an absorbent towel.