Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods


The dog is a receptive being, with a great ability to understand, being able to learn all the time. Practically only the interest that the master gives to his own education depends on the acquisition of good habits or on the consolidation of the bad ones.

The training itself is of great importance, because it supports the social integration of the dog in family life, but also in the relationship with other animals and other people.

At what age can you start training your dog?

Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods

In general, it is important that the training is done at the right time to be successful. The dog should be “ready” for the exercises, so that the training session has positive results.

If he is out in the garden, playing with a new toy, or is simply tired or hungry, this is definitely not a good time to start training your dog.

Puppies are very eager to learn, but they usually don’t like to spend a lot of time doing one thing. Exercises that require more time to focus are by no means appropriate at the beginning of the training.

Instead, you can integrate the puppy’s training into daily life and get him used to certain rules and habits as early as possible. Try to train your dog “among other things”: make sure he waits for you when you prepare his food, never give in to begging, praise him if he stays calm when the bell rings and give him a snack when he waits alone in the front of the bathroom door without crying.

“Come on” and “Wait” commands

Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods

An important basis for dog training is the “Come on” command. You can relieve a lot of stress and a lot of nerves if you teach the dog in time to come when you call him, to wait until you allow him to move and sit alone if you ever have to leave home without him. There are many ways to do this.

You need to try to find the one that works best for your dog. It is important to reward your dog every time he is good. It’s best to practice income on your signal (eg, “Come on”, “Here” or even use a whistle) when you notice it coming at you anyway. Always call your dog at that moment and reward him with his favorite food. Your dog will learn so he deserves to come to you as soon as you call him.

The same thing happens with the “Wait” command. Essential in training small dogs is the lesson of patience. The dog must learn that it is not allowed to jump out of the car as soon as you open the trunk or run away as soon as you open the door and that it must not run to food as soon as you open the door to the snack cabinet. Do not reward this behavior by giving in to his insistence.

Dog training through rewards

Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods

The basic principle is that the quadruped will learn a certain behavior, knowing that he will receive a reward, such as a toy or a special treatment. Deviations are not rewarded. On the contrary, they are punished by removing the prizes. No coercive methods are required.

Secrets of the method:

  • immediate reward – the reward must come within seconds after the dog has done what you asked;
  • shortcuts – the dog does not understand human language, but is receptive to short words, associated with a behavior and a reward; uses commands such as: “Sit down!”, “Lying down!”;
  • consistency – every person in the house must use the same commands and the same reward system;
  • perseverance – at the beginning, you give the dog rewards whenever he executes the command correctly; later, only occasionally, so that, in the end, they are no longer needed.

Dog training based on building a relationship

Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods

Training combines several techniques. The basic principle, however, is to personalize the process, depending on the communication you have with the quadruped.

Secrets of the method:

  • understanding the dog’s behavior – you will need to observe your dog’s body language, see what rewards motivate him the most;
  • controlled environment – you teach your dog to do what you tell him, in an environment where you are in control; if you want to respond to the “Sit down!” command, you first train him in a quiet room;
  • learning from previous success – the dog will learn that if he responds appropriately to the “Sit” command in the living room of your home, he will receive the same reward if he does so in a park.

If the method does not work, it is essential to figure out the cause, instead of punishing your dog. This type of training leads to building a strong relationship between you and your dog, but it takes time and patience.

Dog training by the model of the rival model or in the mirror

Dog training: 3 simple and efficient methods

It is based on the fact that the quadruped learns by observation. That is, you give him a model of good behavior or a competitor for resources, and the dog learns to do things by copying that behavior. You can choose someone in the family to be the model or the competitor.

The mirror method means that you are the model or the rival. The dog learns by the power of example. If he initially refuses to eat from the bowl, go down to his level, put food in another bowl, and feed on it while the dog watches you.

Secrets of the method:

  • strong bond – the method works perfectly when there is a strong bond between you and the dog; he feels comfortable following your example and trusts you;
  • a lot of patience – involves investing a lot of time, repeating the same things, until the dog understands;
  • dog involvement – you will need to take him everywhere with you to observe and feel you.


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