Blackheads appear on the skin in the form of small, dark spots as a result of loaded pores, and are also called open comedones. These signs precede the appearance of acne and must be treated in time, so as not to promote the appearance of pustules.
What are blackheads and why do they appear
The accumulation of sebum inside the skin leads to the formation of sebum plugs and dead cells, which promote the appearance of white spots of fat, with effect only on the surface of the skin. Although sebum is a natural secretion of the sebaceous glands and helps moisturize the skin, when it accumulates in excess, blackheads appear. Specifically, the pores are blocked and the skin can no longer breathe.
Once the air oxidizes the sebum, blackheads appear. The black color is given by oxidized sebum melanin on contact with air.
Although when we talk about blackheads, the first area of the body that comes to mind is the skin, unfortunately, blackheads do not appear exclusively on the face. Depending on how often we sanitize our skin, but also our clothing, blackheads can also develop on the skin of the back, chest, neck, shoulders, but also on the arms or legs, especially when it comes to hormonal disorders.
However, the area with the greatest predisposition to blackheads remains the skin of the face, because it is almost always exposed to external factors. The T-zone, as the part of the face covering the forehead, nose and chin is known, is prone to blackheads, being the area with the highest sebum production on the whole face.
If you wear bangs, you will most likely notice blackheads on your forehead, because the area is frequently touched by hair, which can retain dust particles. The nose and chin are equally exposed in front of blackheads, because they are areas that we often touch during a day.
What causes blackheads?
The causes of blackheads can be multiple. People with oily skin are usually prone to this type of skin reaction to dust particles in the atmosphere. Also, people who are accustomed to using oily cosmetics or those who wear makeup daily can promote the appearance of blackheads. There are other causes of the presence of these comedones, such as:
- hypersecretion of sebum, caused by a change or hormonal disorder, most commonly encountered during puberty, when taking contraceptives or during menstruation;
- administration of certain drugs;
- overgrowth of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria on the skin;
- Excessive consumption of dairy products, which promotes the appearance of acne.
How can you get rid of blackheads?
Skin cleansing products
First of all, we must mention that daily make-up removal is mandatory to get rid of blackheads. It is necessary to use professional products suitable for oily skin, based on salicylic acid, mandelic acid and chamomile, substances with exfoliating and skin purifying properties.
These products combine natural exfoliating acids with a complex of herbs and vitamins to remove dead cells and excess sebum and restore skin health.
Manual extraction of blackheads
It is recommended that the manual extraction of blackheads be done by a professional, in order to avoid the spread of the infection and, implicitly, the appearance of other more serious problems, such as acne or nodules.
The extraction is done with the help of a device called comedone extractor. It attaches to the blackhead to push down the skin around it to remove oxidized sebum. Extraction with this device is painful and the process takes time.
Chemical peels help remove dead cells and excess sebum that have led to blackheads. During the treatment, a chemical solution is applied on the skin, which favors the removal of a layer of skin, leaving behind a clean and healthy skin. It is recommended that stronger facial peels be done by a specialist or dermatologist.
Paste with baking soda
Wash your face with warm water to open pores. Mix two teaspoons of baking soda with mineral water. The fine paste obtained is applied abundantly on the area with black dots, through a gentle massage, with circular movements. Massage and abrasive paste will remove dead cells and impurities accumulated in the pores. After 5-10 minutes, rinse the face with warm water, then with cold water, to close the pores. Finally, use a tonic lotion based on diluted apple cider vinegar; thus, the skin will regain its normal PH. The procedure is repeated weekly.
The substance treats both blackheads and acne, having an antibacterial effect. Wash your face with warm water and apply the product on clean and dry skin. Do not be afraid if the skin becomes inflamed at first, this is a normal reaction and will disappear after a few uses. The substance is available in the form of gels, soaps, lotions and creams. Start with a product with a low concentration, especially if you have sensitive skin.